Fundamentals of Agriculture
In this booklet, we have covered Fundamentals of Agriculture to help the candidates cover the important and useful information in quick time.
The term Agriculture is derived from two Latin words ager or agri meaning soil and cultura meaning cultivation. Agriculture is an applied science which encompasses all aspects of crop production including horticulture, livestock rearing, fisheries, forestry, etc.
Agriculture is defined as an art, science and business of producing crops and livestock for economic purposes.
As an art it embraces knowledge of the way to perform the operations of the farm in a skillful manner, but does not necessarily include an understanding of the principles underlying the farm practices.
As a science: utilizes all technologies developed on scientific principles such as crop breeding, production techniques, crop protection, economics etc. to maximize the yield and profit.